PM Narendra Modi’s dream project Swach Bharat Abhiyan under which declares India open-defecation free by October 2019 has come under scanner which rasises serious questions on the project.
A survey done by the government has found that nearly six out of the ten toilets built under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan don’t have proper water supply.
National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) claims that the country’s sanitation infrastructure has seen a slight improvement, a lot is still left to be desired
The survey also highlights the hygiene-related risks to the 833 million people living in villages and the 377 million residing in cities due to the limited sanitation coverage.
According to the survey, the number of rural households with a toilet have increased but their percentage in cities has fallen. The reason behind this can be the rise in rural to urban migration which has happened due to the distress faced by the farm sector since last three years.
A report in Daily English quotes Ramon Magsyasay awardee social activist Bezwada Wilson as saying that the Swachh Bharat mission failed to take a note of manual scavenging. “The toilets are being built without any cleaners,” he reportedly said.
This survey is the government’s first big toilet survey and it has also found that 40 per cent of the toilets constructed in the villages are not connected to a drainage system. It was also found that the toilet waste in these villages was being released directly into the local water bodies hence, polluting the limited water resources.
Since the NDA took charge in 2014, around 3.5 crore new toilets have been built using government subsidy.