The Women’s Reservation Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha during the first day of proceedings in the new Parliament House. Law Minister Arjun Ram Meghwal tabled it in the House. After the bill is passed in the Lok Sabha, it will be introduced in the state on Thursday. This can also be discussed in the Rajya Sabha on Thursday itself. After the passing of the bill and its becoming a law, many things will change in the Lok Sabha and the Assembly. Let us know about the provisions made in the Act.
At present the total number of members in the Lok Sabha is 543. At present the number of women MPs is 82. After the bill is passed, the number of women MPs in the Lok Sabha will increase to 181.
In this bill, under Article 239AA of the Constitution, 33% reservation will be given to women in the Legislative Assembly of the capital Delhi. That means, in Delhi Assembly also, 23 out of 70 seats will be reserved for women. 33 percent reservation for women will be implemented in the assemblies of other states also.
Yes, that means quota within quota will also be provisioned in this law. In this way, out of the seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, 33 percent will be reserved for women.
The Lok Sabha or Assembly seat reserved for women in one election will not be reserved for women in the next election. Rather, the other 33 percent seats will be reserved for women. After this, in the third election, the remaining 33 percent seats will be reserved for women.
There is no provision for this process to continue continuously. In the current bill, women’s reservation was implemented for 15 years (usually three elections). After this, if the Parliament wants, it can take women reservation forward. Interestingly, the provision of caste based reservation was also implemented in the country for ten years, which continues till now.