The entire country is celebrating National Youth Day on the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda (12 January). In 1984, the Government of India declared this day as ‘National Youth Day’ for the first time. It is being celebrated every year since 12 January 1985. This day encourages remembering and taking inspiration from Swami Vivekananda and his thoughts.
India is called the country of youth. We have the largest youth population in the world. After all, who is youth, what is the definition? How many youth are there in India? How has this population increased over the years? Know the answers to these questions on the occasion of National Youth Day…
The time between a person’s childhood and adulthood is often referred to as adolescence. However, there is no definite criterion as to how old a person is to be considered young. The definition of being young has been decided according to time, place and situation.
What is the definition of being young?
The definition of the international organization United Nations says that youth are people aged 15 to 24 years. All UN statistics are based on this scale. In many member countries of the United Nations, a person aged 18-30 years is counted as youth.
Many organizations within the United Nations have different measures of youth. In Youth Habitat, 15-32 years are considered youth and in Africa’s Youth Charter, a person aged 15-35 is considered a youth.
According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), almost one in six people in the world is between the ages of 15 and 24. The population of youth in the world is more than 120 crores which is about 16 percent of the total population. Most of these people live in developing countries.
Talking about India, it has the world’s largest youth population. According to the report of the Technical Group on Population Estimation constituted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, 27.2 percent of India’s population is in the age group of 15 to 29 years. The population of youth in our country is 37.14 crore. By 2036, this figure may reduce to 22.7% (34.5 crore).
If we look at the youth population in the last few years, it has increased. The population of youth in the country in 1991 was 22.27 crore which was 26.6% of the total population. In 2001, this figure increased to 27.34 crore, due to which the share in the total population remained only 26.6%. In 2011, the population of youth increased to 33.33 crore and the total share was 27.5%. In 2016, the figure was 35.96 crore and this share in the entire population was 27.9.